Atmospheric dispersion and impact modeling systems: How are they perceived as support tools for nuclear crises management?
This paper focuses on the use of Atmospheric Dispersion and Impact Modeling (ADIAM) in nuclear management. As a complement to field measurements, these tools participate in decision support regarding the of impacted areas and population protection countermeasures. This paper aims to study how this expertise is used during situation and question the notion of 'decision support'. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted in 2012 2013 with representatives of the French civilian protection community taking part in the emergency . Analysis is based on a conceptual framework that assesses how individuals and group of individuals make sense and react to a situation in difficult conditions. Results suggest that if ADIAM systems are used as main emergency support tools by scientific organization to assess areas affected by the release and their potential health impact, their use as a support to civilian protection decision makers is still seeking its place regarding current organization and practices. Results suggest that the main challenge in further integration of ADIAM cartographic results to support population protection decisions needs to take into consideration efforts of the nuclear crisis organization to preserve the balance between different stakeholders expertise. We argue that in this context, ADIAM cartographic results may find their place as a communication support between scientific advisors and decision makers contributing to favor a shared radiological situation assessment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Interviewer notes were transcribed and sent back to interviewees for validation.
Literature survey Interviews
cooperation between scientific advisors and decision makers
Semistructured approach was selected to address two main topicsdeclined in the form of guiding questions.
Semi-structured interviews have been conducted in 2012–2013 with representatives of the French civilian protection community taking part in the (total of 8)
This paper focuses on the use of Atmospheric Dispersion and Impact Modeling (ADIAM) in nuclear management. This paper aims to study how this expertise is used during situation and question the notion of ‘‘decision support’’.Analysis is based on a conceptual framework that assesses how individuals and group of individuals make sense and react to a situation in difficult conditions.
ADIAM cartographic results have the potential to reinforce the construction of a share understanding between experts and decision makers of the radiological situation leading to a more efficient management of and situations.
The main pillars the interview revolved around were: (i) communication and information: understanding the main flow of communication between the different actors and the information they to fulfill their missions and wherethey look for them; (ii) understanding interviewees’ experience about the use of ADIAM systems and expertise.
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