Lack of a “Common Operational Picture” environment to integrate data sources and calculation results from different models that are crucial for decision making process from the perspective of the incident commander.
The Ability to Incorporate Information from Multiple and Nontraditional Sources into Incident Command Operations
Efficient and secure sharing of the data necessary for decision making has proven to be challenging in the recent COVID-19 .
management is a collective effort encompassing various organisations that to work seamlessly together across domain and administrative borders.
Mis- and disinformation can have adverse effects on management and even cause cascading (e.g. civil disobedience and even insurrections)
Provide a sound legal basis for various aspects of Management in all parts of the CM cycle.
Shortcomings in the use of virtual reality to enhance of first responders in case of large scale evacuation, as a support for and .
If a patient is identified as infectious after he/she was transported by the ambulance, we have to backtrace all contact persons of the ambulance car team and test them, as the car is not disinfected after each transport.
In order to have a complete understanding of the way that the manages to create an environment in which the participants reach their objectives, it is necessary to gather their feedback.
Data managment runs almost throughout the whole
cycle, from preparation, to conduct, analysis and reporting, even if evaluators are not heavily involved during the planning phase. It is useful to provide some guidance to evaluators for the content of data collection, usually this is developed in two pillars:
of players performance and
conduct. There are different methods for data collection: through evaluators input, feedback from participants, recording, possibly input from observers, interviews, debriefs. To decide if and how to use observers for data collection, exercise managers may decide differently based on who the observers are. Info from observers may support evaluators, depending on the design of the exercise.
Mainly raw data, not information, that is available.
Registering as many as possible facts in real time, possibly in field (FSX,TTX), improves the impartiality of collected observations due to avoiding opportunity for interpretation from the observers’ sides. Moreover, it helps to distribute collection activities in both phases: during and after the , providing logistical advantage. Lastly, the observations are available in the database earlier, giving the opportunity to be used for introducing the corrections after each stage of the , so the information use also for exercise conducting purposes.
- Evaluators have different background, expertise - does an holistic certification make sense? Distinguish between different types of exercises and parts of exercises - minimum basic requirements
- Guarantees certain level of of evaluators
- Set-up some kind of basic information that evaluators should get at the beginning of any exercise
- All evaluators should have some common knowledge on cross-cutting topics e.g. communication
- Standardises level of evaluators in certified issue i.e. knowledge,
- Documentation that will support and certification of evaluators is supposed to assist both evaluators and exercise managers that will have the same expectations and preparations for an exercise
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