This page allows you to view existing gaps and to find out which solutions could be addressing them. If you can't find the gap that you are looking for, you can define a new one: Add CM Gap.

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Adequate technology for communication with the public (STAMINA)

Recent COVID-19 has demonstrated that EU states have so far failed to endorse a solid pandemics/epidemics communication methodology, develop clear guidelines and enforce use of these guidelines in crisis situations. In addition, the communication with the public was also inadequate - on the one hand impeding the use of information provided by the public in crisis manageent and on the other hand causing confusion and even panic among the population at first and leading to erosion of trust in authorities, thus facilitating the rise of rumours, conspiracy theories, civil unrests and even riots. 


Incorporating information from multiple and non-traditional sources (DRIVER+)

Insufficiency in the ability to report dangerous areas and situation overview from multiple and non-traditional sources (e.g. crowdsourcing and social media) into operations.


Modelling and visualization of threats' dynamics (DRIVER+)

Limitations in the ability to model real-time ( phase) or pre-event ( phase) dynamics of various threats and visualization of obtained results in a form that can be used directly by the incident commander.


Training and assessing the level of preparedness (STAMINA)

the individuals and organisations and testing their level increases the and exposes the shortcomings that to be handled.


Forest fires: fire behavior (DRMKC)

Understandding the manner in which a fire reacts to the variables of fuel, weather, and topography, including variables as rate of spread and intensity, can help both in fighting the already ignited fires and in .



Capabilities and expertise of the observers (INEGMA-E²)

Evaluators to be aware of the topic that shall be evaluated, knowledge is needed on how to evaluate. 

Examples of topics: CBRN, wildfire, flooding.

If participants don't have knowledge about the ’s knowledge and capabilities and expertise, they will lose trust.


To find out if the was conducted in an optimal way and if the plan of the was respected.

SOP for the evaluator (INEGMA-E²)

  • SOPs for defining methodology and proces of the based on its type
  • defining the methodology (literature review, interview, , etc.) 
  • should cover all phases of planning/execution
  • model for a final report

Evaluators Assessment (INEGMA-E²)

Evaluators should be from a correct field/have to have expertise in the specific area. If an evaluator of a process is needed, then a generalistic approach would work. Evaluators of evaluators to have skills in management and processes. Activities from organisational work are needed as well as understanding of processes.

  • (National/Critical Infrastructure) Sensible Information Security
  • Quality management of the

Overview of an exercise for evaluators (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH.)

When conducting an , evaluators play an important role in examining the workflow of the . For them having information about the general setup of the exercise is necessary.

Clear objectives for the exercise (INEGMA-E²)

Without clearly defined objectives it’s impossible to measure if the was successful or not. They are necessary to give value to an .

Time table & location map for Main Events List (MEL) / Main Incidents List (MIL) (INEGMA-E²)

In order to assure that the evaluators are present for all relevant events / injects.

eu Portfolio of Solutions web site has been initially developed in the scope of DRIVER+ project. Today, the service is managed by AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH., for the benefit of the European Management. PoS is endorsed and supported by the Disaster Competence Network Austria (DCNA) as well as by the STAMINA and TeamAware H2020 projects.