Forest fires: fire meteorology and danger rating

Endorsed by

Danger rating index is an important real time indicator for the fire fighters. It sums up constant (fuels, topography) and variable (weather) factors that affect the initiation, spread and difficulty of control, and subsequent fire damage of wildfires on an area in a single number that can be easily visualised and used for early alerting.

Potential Solutions

Meteorological conditions largely determine the suitable conditions for fire spread at the local level, and are therefore widely used to predict fire danger. Fire activity across the EU Mediterranean countries varies considerably from year to year, suggesting a strong dependence on both meteorological and climate conditions, since no other factors can change in such magnitude. A better understanding of fire , and its sensitivity to changes in meteorological and climate conditions across spatial scales is needed to better forecast fire danger and improve the capacity of civil protection authorities.

Rationale & related CM function(s)

Need for context-specific analyses of the weather/climate influence on future fire regimes
Advance understanding of the role of weather, coupling vegetation responses to it, in particular under extreme conditions (e.g., live fuel moisture content, increased dead material)
Need for new knowledge on how megafires are generated, what their consequences and costs (financial, social and environmental) are and what the required mix of firefighting approaches is.
Develop and test the use of common weather and fire risk platforms for transboundary fires
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