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Strategic gap

Modelling and visualization of chemical and radiological threats' dynamics

Limitations in the ability to model real-time (response phase) or pre-event (preparedness phase) dynamics of the chemical and radiological threat and visualization of obtained results in a form that can be used directly by the incident commander.

Rationale & CM functions

Incident commanders need timely, detailed and reliable status information and forecasts on the spread of chemical and radiological hazards and their impact.

It is necessary to develop adequate hazards' modelling and simulation capacity.

During response, near real time feed of actual data is needed to allow for proper assessment of threats and reliable forecasts.

Solutions addressing this gap
Relevance: 2
Relevance: 1

Addressing the psychological stress of volunteers

Lack of awareness of the psychological stress of spontaneous and trained volunteers following response operations

Rationale & CM functions

The management of organised volunteers needs to provide for understanding and dealing with stress experienced by organised volunteers.

The management of spontaneous volunteers needs to provide for understanding and dealing with stress experienced by spontaneous volunteers.

The provided off-site health care and MHPSS services need to include psychological and psychosocial care for organised and spontaneous volunteers.

Crisis medical, psychological and psychosocial services need to account for the need to assess and treat stress experienced by volunteers.

Critical medical and MHPSS services to be restored during recovery operations include provision of comprehensive stress management, MHPSS and substance abuse services and programmes.

Solutions addressing this gap

Assessment of cross vulnerabilities

Limitations in the cross vulnerabilities (people, property, environment) assessment to optimize task prioritization and decision making

Rationale & CM functions

Assessment of vulnerabilities needs to account for cross domain interdependencies and potential cascading effects

The assessment of needs requires model- and data-based prediction of impact across domains

Information on cross vulnerabilities and their actual and potential impact is needed to develop and sustain COP

The understanding of cross vulnerabilities and their impact affords better definition, prioritization and assignment of tasks and respective allocation of limited resources

The assessment of cross vulnerabilities and their impact is integrated into decision support system(s)

Solutions addressing this gap

Common understanding of the information exchanged in response operations

Limits in the ability to ensure a common understanding of the information exchanged (terminology, symbology) by all crisis managers involved in the response operations

Rationale & CM functions

Consultation and coordination across state agencies, local authorities, private entities, and volunteer organisations in develop crisis communications and information management documentation and procedures will promote adequate access to information (e.g. on a need to know basis) and commonality in terminology, symbology and, hence, understanding of a crisis situation.

Requirements towards crisis communications capabilities, coordinated among stakeholders, need to seek commonality or harmonisation of terminology, symbols, representation of crisis management information, and data exchange formats.

Established principles of information sharing need to promote standardized, common or harmonised terminology, symbology, formats and representation of crisis management information.

Standards, common or harmonised terms, symbols, formats and representations need to be established in internal--horizontal and vertical--coordination.

Standards, common or harmonised terms, symbols, formats and representations need to be followed in the establishment of crisis management rules and standard operating procedures.

Commonality or harmonisation of training standards and modes will promote common understanding of the information exchanged in crisis operations.

Solutions addressing this gap
Relevance: 8
Relevance: 2

Communicating with the public during a large crisis

Shortcomings in policy and procedures for communicating with the public during a large crisis

Rationale & CM functions

A warning and alerting system with a messaging capability will allow to inform the population at the onset of a crisis and to continue to provide alerts and advice during a crisis management operation.

Alerts and advice will serve to maintain public awareness on hazards, availability of respective services, and the means by which they can be accessed.

Established communications policy, plans and procedures need to incorporate ways to continuously provide alerts and advice to various groups of the population and provide contact points for their information requests.

The population has to be informed on the evolution of the hazard and its expected impact.

Public information, guidance, instructions and advice need to be delivered continuously.

Solutions addressing this gap
Relevance: 3
Relevance: 1

Coordination in dealing with large numbers of severely burned casualties

Lack of efficient coordination mechanism to overcome the limited capacity to deal with large numbers of severely burned casualties at member state level

Rationale & CM functions

Search and rescue operations are used to find missing people, rescue victims of forest fires, provide first aid, and move them to safe areas.

On-site first treatment service needs to be provided to severely burned people.

On-site treatment of severely burned people can be provided by deployed field hospitals or by transporting them to regular hospitals.

Additional national and international medical support for dealing with severely burned people is accepted and coordinated.

Solutions addressing this gap

Exchanging crisis-related information among agencies and organizations

Shortcomings in the ability to exchange crisis-related information among agencies and organizations (also related to as interoperability)

Rationale & CM functions

Crisis Communications and Information Management (CCIM) capabilities and procedures of stakeholders need to be understood so that interoperability issues are identified in a timely manner.

Coordination across state agencies, local authorities, private entities, and volunteer organisations is needed in developing crisis communications and information management documentation and procedures.

Consultation and coordination among stakeholders in the development of communications policy, plans and procedures will facilitate the exchange of crisis relevant information prior to and during a crisis.

Early identification of information exchange requirements will guide the development of communications capabilities and interfaces and thus facilitate interoperability.

Coordination among stakeholders in defining procedures for information management will facilitate the exchange of crisis related information.

The provision of communications and information support by certain organisations (e.g. professional responders) to other stakeholders (e.g. local authorities, private actors, volunteers) will facilitate interoperability.

Solutions addressing this gap
Relevance: 4
Relevance: 1
Relevance: 1

International cooperation in aerial firefighting

Lack of common procedures supporting international cooperation in aerial firefighting

Rationale & CM functions

Common procedures are needed to request international support, allocate limited aerial firefighting assets, establish transportation routes, storage facilities, and a mechanism for international financial support.

The use of foreign and international, public and private, aerial firefighting assets is facilitated by established procedures for management and provision of support.

Solutions addressing this gap

Large scale evacuation in urban areas

Shortcomings in planning and managing large scale evacuation of population in urban areas

Rationale & CM functions

A rigorous capabilities-oriented planning process, including likely scenarios, allows to identify gaps and options in meeting any requirement.

For a less likely, yet plausible crisis management scenarios, identified by rigorous foresight, one needs to develop possible courses of action and estimate respective required resources.

Evacuation and shelter, along with other core services, need to be provided within and outside the affected area.

During recovery operations, additional resources may be mobilised to upgrade temporary sheltering.

Large scale evacuation requires that critical transportation lines are opened and maintained, and their use is managed to meet priority requirements.

Temporary deployable accommodation camps and other evacuation facilities need to be established and operated within and outside the affected area, with provision of core related services.

Solutions addressing this gap
Relevance: 1
Relevance: 1
Relevance: 1

Locating casualties in large forest fires

Limited ability to identify the location of injured/ trapped/ deceased casualties in large forest fires

Rationale & CM functions

Inter-agency surveillance and investigation of an area affected by a large forest fire need to be enhanced by a capacity to identify and locate casualties.

Human and sensor data from the field and from airborne platforms will facilitate the identification and location of casualties in large forest fires.

Novel data collection tools, integrated to the crisis communications and information management system, may allow to identify and locate casualties in large forest fires.

Standing opportunities for crowd sourcing will facilitate communications by people trapped or injured by a large forest fire.

Solutions addressing this gap