Results

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Emergency crowd evacuation modeling and simulation framework with cellular discrete event systems.

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This project addresses the existing literature on human behavior to establish a setof movements and behaviors that could then be translated into models and simulations using the Cell-DEVS formalism.The CD++ toolkit provided a suite of tools allowing for the translation of Cell-DEVS models into source code that could then be compiled, simulated, and visualized in order to help build an intuitive understanding of the mechanics that govern evacuation and egress during an emergency situation

TOWARDS A FRAMEWORK FOR SIMULATION-BASED EVALUATION OF PERSONAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR FLOOD EVACUATION.

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It was shown that more knowledge about environment dynamics leads to better service in both homogenous and heterogeneous cases. With decreasing the gap between knowledge acquisition about the environmental dynamics (flood and traffic) from first to fourth scenario we observe increase of a number of successfully escaped agents. It was shown that the knowledge sharing between agents can be a good alternative to the navigation system acquiring knowledge about the environment from a lot of sensors.

Simulation for team training and assessment: case studies of online training with virtual worlds

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Advantages of using virtual worlds training were concluded to be: The exact layout and location of resources of specific EDs can be replicated.Trainees do not have to be present at the same location to play their avatar roles.Drills can be conducted at any time of day or night to accommodate trainees’ schedules.A variety of patient scenarios and conditions can be modeled to simulate individual patient cases or multiple victims in complex clinical situations.Dangerous and/or infrequently occurring situations can be presented.Scenarios can be run more than once during a short period of time,

Context-Specific, Scenario-Based Risk Scales.

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We propose measures to assess this aggregated scale’s internal consistency, reliability, and validity, and we discuss how to use the scale effectively.

The Role of Law in Public Health Preparedness: Opportunities and Challenges.

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We conclude that there are serious deficiencies in legal preparedness that can undermine effective responses to public health emergencies.

Leaders as emotional managers : Emotion management in response organisations during a hostage taking in a Swedish prison.

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According to the analysis, emergency response leader’s emotion management is framed by an organizationally embedded emotional regime which is summed up in two core themes: focus on the task and do not let emotions interfere; and provide the task force with maximum physical and psychological security. The leader’s emotion management within this framework consists of two interdependent processes, one more organization oriented and one more individual oriented.

Optimal Path Selection under Emergency Based on the Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method.

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This article proposed algorithm based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation algorithm, combining hierarchy analysis method (AHP), make the calculated conclusion more reliability and accuracy. By simulation show that the proposed algorithm based on AHP-fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method has higher accuracy compared with the general algorithm, it is more accord with people's demand for path under emergency conditions.Experiments show that the AHP-fuzzy comprehensive evaluation algorithm is more accord with people demand for path emergency conditions.

Flood Emergency Management Using Hydrodynamic Modelling

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The flood information could improve efficiency of flood emergency management and could offer more help in risk indications. The research results provide a powerful tool to analyze flood risk rapidly and make schemes for the flood resisting.

A Simulation Tool for Examining the Effect of Communications on Disaster Response in the Oil and Gas Industry.

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Results indicate that the order in which technologies are accessed can have a significant impact on the delay times involved in effecting an emergency response.

Validity evidence of non-technical skills assessment instruments in simulated anaesthesia crisis management.

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 The ANTS and Ottawa GRS instruments shared various aspects of validity evidence and correlated well with each other in anaesthesia assessment in the simulation.