Atmospheric dispersion and impact modeling systems: How are they perceived as support tools for nuclear crises management?
ADIAM cartographic results have the potential to reinforce the construction of a share understanding between experts and decision makers of the radiological situation leading to a more efficient management of emergency and crisis situations.
Reliability and performance of a network of realistic size can be estimated with high accuracy in moderate computation time with the proposed Monte Carlo simulation method
Modeling and representation for earthquake emergency response knowledge: perspective for working with geo-ontology.
The EDER knowledge model provides a foundation for intelligent emergency response that helps solve knowledge problems to improve earthquake disaster response.
Definition of the critical information, needs for cooperation, a method for describing the communication, and the components of system trust.•specify the critical information needs and action-triggering information,•describe how actors communicate, •outline the components of system trust in the SAR 2009 operation
This public health emergency preparedness simulation exercise of infectious disease outbreaks can be a useful learning strategy at other educational institutions an can be easily replicatedOur first recommendation is that presimulation briefing time should be increased from 15 to 30min.We also suggest adding an informatics component in the actual simulation. This would enhance the delivery of evidence-based care and patient safety
Collaborative approach to emergency preparedness developed by Stewart-Evans et al. (2012) can be applied to all stages of incident response.Cross-border issues require specific attention from emergency responders and national governments.
Emergency nurses and disaster response: An exploration of South Australian emergency nurses’ knowledge and perceptions of their roles in disaster response.
The study demonstrates that South Australian emergency nurses have not received appropriate or consistent disaster education and training. These may be factors contributing to an overall low level of disaster knowledge and confusion regarding local policies and practice, amongst South Australian emergency nurses.
Interoperable architecture for joint real/virtual training in emergency management using the MPEG-V standard.
The basic consideration of command and control architectures that reflect two main dimensions has been taken into account to develop the proposed architecture: the organizational structure and the communication network structure. On the other hand, the distributed nature of the system allows simulating in real time the same crisis in different computers geographically separated, although the simulation server is centralized. The interactions of each participant (whether they are virtual or real entities) are seamless in order tomaintain coherence during the whole simulation.
Evaluating the effectiveness of an emergency preparedness training programme for public health staff in China.
The emergency preparedness training improved the knowledge levels and increased attitudinal and behavioural intention scores for emergency preparedness. The results at follow-up showed that the knowledge levels and attitudinal/behavioural intention scores of participants decreased slightly (P40.05) compared with levels immediately after training (Po0.01). However, there was a significant increase compared with before training (Po0.01). Moreover, more than 80% of participants reported that the training process and resources were scientific and feasible.
The performance and functions of the system have been verified through simulator implementation and experimentation. The fire CFD data, in particular, contain data on toxic gases and heat, which have direct impacts on fire responses and rescue activities, and thus realistic visualization and experience of these data have helped further improve the effects of the fire training and provide useful knowledge to the inexperienced users.