Authors
Hu, Zhi-Hua ; Sheng, Zhao-Han

To design and verify disaster rescue programs in cases of disaster spread, this study presents a base application tool for the simulation, assessment and analysis of disaster spread in a complex resource network based on a multi-agent system (MAS). Various yards, warehouses, distribution centers and other storage nodes are typical resource-intensive sites at which catastrophes and disasters, such as fires and chemical leakage, are prone to occur and spread. Resources are stored in block units called resource nodes. Each resource node is represented by an agent in an MAS. A resource network (network of resource storage nodes) is formed from the disaster spread relationships among resource nodes. Disaster spread simulation and rescue time analysis in resource networks are key problems in disaster prevention and relief. Based on the principles of disaster spread in resource networks, a property model of resource nodes is proposed that incorporates the values of the resources, the disastrous energy of each node, the disaster spread path, and the disaster spread characteristics. To study the dynamics of disaster spread, a state diagram is used to construct a microscopic behavior model for the resource nodes by regarding the resource nodes as agents. Then, decision models are gradually constructed to determine the optimal times for disaster rescue and emergency resource preparation. The proposed models are demonstrated using a multi-layer simulation system. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]/nCopyright of Information Sciences is the property of Elsevier B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Codebooks
SLR Criteria
Summary

Static and dynamic behavioral models of resource nodes, the principles of disaster initiation and spread, models for the assessment of resource networks subject to disaster, and rescue optimization problems were systematically examined.

SLR Criteria
Summary

Simulation

Summary

disaster spread paththe disaster spread characteristics

Summary

A simulator with three modules was designed: a time-triggered simulator, a simulation mechanism for a finite-state machine, and a network generator.

SLR Criteria
Summary

Simulation

SLR Criteria
Summary

This study investigated an integrated approach based on simulation and optimization to guide decision-making regarding optimal disaster rescue times.

Summary

The models, computational approaches and simulation system devised in this study are far from being a practical solution to address the problems of disaster spread and control in resource networks.The study has not been verified with reference to concrete disaster spread and rescue practice.

SLR Criteria
Summary

The introduction of the MAS-based framework. The MAS-based method provides a general solution for the study of disaster spread in resource-intensive networks.

SLR Criteria
Summary

The simulation system was developed based on the Multi-agent System (MAS) concept. Simulation of a maritime bulk yard consisting a resource network of 2000 nodes in a grid.